And third, it is easier for developing countries to catch up w

ith the established technology powerhouses at the beginning of a new round of technology

revolution. For example, the established industrial chain and the massive consumer base have give

n China an advantage in new technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and big data.

Still, in the future, the barriers between scientific research and

industrialization need to be broken, so as to enable technological development to serve the peop

le’s real needs. In addition, the overall environment for scientific research and science facilities should be im

proved to adapt to the ever-changing research landscape, while researchers should receive better pay and treatment.

More important, to deal with controversies such as the on

e involving He Jiankui, who claimed to have created the first human genetically edited babies, Chi

na should establish a comprehensive system of laws and rules so that no scientist crosses the ethics red line.