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In April and July, Japan signed the Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA), a military logistics pac
t, with Canada and France respectively. The Japanese government will try to get it approved by the National D
iet this year. Canada and France are also advancing domestic procedures for its approval.
The agreement will enable the provision of food, fuel and military supplie
s between Japan’s Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and French and Canadian armies. Jap
an has also inked ACSAs with the US, the UK, Australia and India. Why did Japan sign such an agreement?
After WWII, especially in the late 1960s when Japan became an economic powerhouse, it was no longer satisfied with its status as a military microstate.
In the mid-1980s, Japan accelerated the pace to push its SDF onto the w
orld stage with the aim of becoming a major political power.
In 1996, Japan signed the ACSA with the US, followed by one with Austr
alia in 2010. After the new security law took effect on March 29, 2016, Japan amended t
he two ACSAs, which enabled more flexible provision of ammunition in wartime between the signatories.